Alien Invasives

Tipu Tree (Tipuana tipu)


06 October 2016

Tipu Tree (Tipuana tipu)

The Tipu Tree is a large, massively branched, wide-spreading deciduous tree up to 23 metres tall. Its leaves are bright green and smooth. In late spring and summer, large sprays of golden-yellow flowers appear. These are followed by green winged seeds, 50 to 60mm long, that dry to yellowish-brown and remain on the tree all winter and much of spring. They are freely self-seeding.

Other names
Pride of Bolivia, Racehorse Tree, Rosewood (English)
Tipoeboom (Afrikaans)
Invasive status
NEMBA Category 3
CARA 2002 Category 3

Tipu Tree
Originally from
Brazil, Bolivia and Argentina in South America
Where is it a problem?
KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo and Gauteng
How does it spread?
Seed dispersal by wind
Why is it a problem?
Competes with and has the potential to replace indigenous species particularly along river banks. Because of its large size even a single tree could have a detrimental effect on a natural ecosystem. Trees along watercourses are likely to cause a significant reduction in stream flow.
Planting alternatives
Weeping Wattle (Peltophorum africanum), Karree (Searsia lancea)
Ornamental, shade, provides honey, fodder and timber

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